A Smart Aquaponics Systems for Urban Farming
This project presents the applications of Internet of Things (IoT) as instrumentations to automate traditional aquaponics environment. Presently, the economic situation in Malaysia during COVID19 are facing a significant amount of demand in food production. Correlating to that, research has shown that Aquaponics can help solving this problem by increasing efficiencies in conventional farming and consequently, increasing food production to the local community in Malaysia. However, extensive and arduous labours have made aquaponics to be costly disadvantageous especially for small farmers and hobbyists hence making it to be inaccessible to certain group or individuals. This study aims to provide automation to Aquaponics environment by developing an IoT based prototype to monitor and gather parameter data involving water level, humidity and temperature in the Aquaponics ecology. Using the aforementioned parameter data, the tendencies and trends in Aquaponics systems can be analysed. The project features the use of sensors like two water level sensors, liquid temperature sensor, and humidity sensor to collect parameters wirelessly by using an ESP 8266 that will trigger the actuators when certain events are met. The actuator will serve as the balance check for the symbiotic ecology and accommodating parameter it lacks based on the sensor data. Moreover, the project is divided into three different development phases; setting up normal aquaponics ecology, implementing automation in aquaponics systems and lastly analysing data that comes from the sensor of the prototype. Therefore, this solution is expected to increase efficiencies in the Aquaponics environment without needing human intervention hence reducing the cost of labour in aquaponics and consequently producing more yield that is organic and healthy. The project will serve great impact to the local community especially during this pandemic outbreak where food production is demanded greatly. In addition, the yield from aquaponics is unquestionably nutritious and heath enthusiasts will surely benefit from this project.
KEYWORDS: Internet of Things, Automations, Microcontroller, sensors, Wireless Network, Aquaponics, crops yield
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